Eastern Natural Philosophers

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As there was little formality among subjects until recent times, the categories below are adjectival. And because many Eastern natural philosophers were polymaths, some listings are in multiple categories. All years are anno domini (AD) unless otherwise noted; date preceded by b. is born, c. is approximate, fl. is flourished, and d. is died. Luminary name rendered in Latin or English or both is shown in parentheses. This page is still in development phase.

Contents

Astronomical

  • Aryabhata, 476-550; b. Taregana, Bihar
  • Chen Zhuo, fl. 3rd century
  • Jang Yeong-sil, fl. early 1400s; b. Joseon (Korea)
  • Kamo no Arikata (賀茂の?), fl. 1414
  • Kamo no Tadayuki (賀茂の?), fl. 10th century
  • Kamo no Yasunori (賀茂の保憲), 917-977
  • Kamo no Mitsuyoshi (賀茂の?), fl. 10th century
  • Kau Shen, 1031-1095; b. Ch'ien-t'ang
  • Liu Zhuo, 544-610; fl. ?
  • Shen Kuo, 1031-1095; b. Qiantang (Hangzhou)
  • Su Song, 1020-1101; b. near Quanzhou
  • Wang Chong, 27 - c. 100; b. Shangyu, Zhejiang
  • Yi Xing (I Hsing, born Zhang Sui), 683 - 727; fl. Chang'an
  • Zhang Heng, 78-139; b. Xi'e (near modern Nanyang City)
  • Zhang Sixun (Chang Ssu-hsun); fl. 10th century

Biological / Botanical / Zoological

  • Esai (明菴栄西), 1141-1215; b. Bitchu; fl. remote Kyushu
  • Hsi Ling-Shih (Leizu); fl. 2640 BC
  • Li Shizhen (Li Shih-chen, Dongbi), 1518 - 1593; fl. Beijing

Chemical / Alchemical

  • Tsai Lun (Cai Lun), c. 50 - 121; b. Leiyang, Hunan
  • Tseng Kung Liang (Zeng Gung-lyang), fl. c. 1040
  • Shi-Dun, fl. 105

Geological / Geographical

  • Ikeda Koun, fl. 1618
  • Li Shizhen (Li Shih-chen, Dongbi), 1518 - 1593; fl. Beijing
  • Shen Kuo, 1031 - 1095; b. Qiantang (Hangzhou)
  • Su Song, 1020 - 1101; b. near Quanzhou
  • Zhang Heng, 78 - 139; b. Xi'e (near modern Nanyang City)

Medical / Physiological / Anatomical

  • Abe no Manao, fl. 8th-9th century
  • Bian Que (Bian Qiao or Pien Chiao), c. 700 BC
  • Chang Tsung-cheng, 1156-1128
  • Chen Chuan, fl. 643
  • Chu Cheng heng, 1281-1358
  • Fukane Sukehito (Fukae Hojin), fl. 920
  • Handa Junan, 1596-1624
  • Heo Jun, 1537/39-1615; b. Joseon (Korea)
  • Izumo no Hirosada, fl. 800s
  • Kajiwara Shozen, 1265-1337
  • Kurisaki Doki, 1566-1651
  • Li Ai, 1180-1252
  • Li Shizhen (Li Shih-chen, Dongbi), 1518-1593; fl. Beijing
  • Liu Wansu (刘完素), 1110-1200
  • Manase Dosan, 1507-1594
  • Manase Gensaku, 1549-1631
  • Majima Seigan, d. 1379
  • Mi Huangfu (皇甫謐), c. 215-282; b. Gansu province
  • Su Song, 1020-1101; b. near Quanzhou
  • Takeda Masayoshi, 1338-1380
  • Tashiro Sanki (田代三喜), 1465-1537; fl. Ashikaga
  • Tao Hungching (Tao Hongjing, Tao Hongming), 452-536
  • Tamba[1] no Kaneyasu, ?
  • Tamba[1] no Masatada, 1021-1088
  • Tamba[1] no Yasuyori (丹波康頼), 912-995, b. Tamba
  • Wang Bing (Qixuanzi, Wang Taipu, Wang Ping), fl. 762
  • Wang Shuho (王叔和) (Wang Xi), c. 180-270; b. Jining
  • Yoshida Ikyu, fl. 16th century
  • Yurin, fl. 1368
  • Zhang Zhongjing (Chang Chung-ching), 150-219; b. Nanyang, fl. Changsha

Physical / Mechanical

See also

Foot Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Alternatively Tanba
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