Eastern Natural Philosophers

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As there was little formality among subjects until recent times, the categories below are adjectival. And because many Eastern natural philosophers were polymaths, some listings are in multiple categories. All years are anno domini (AD) unless otherwise noted; date preceded by b. is born, c. is approximate, fl. is flourished, and d. is died. Luminary name rendered in Latin or English or both is shown in parentheses. This page is still in development phase.

Contents

Astronomical

  • Aryabhata, 476 - 550; b. Taregana, Bihar
  • Chen Zhuo, fl. 3rd century
  • Jang Yeong-sil, f. early 1400s; b. Joseon (Korea)
  • Kau Shen, 1031 - 1095; b. Ch'ien-t'ang
  • Shen Kuo, 1031 - 1095; b. Qiantang (Hangzhou)
  • Su Song, 1020 - 1101; b. near Quanzhou
  • Wang Chong, 27 - c. 100; b. Shangyu, Zhejiang
  • Zhang Heng, 78 - 139; b. Xi'e (near modern Nanyang City)
  • Zhang Sixun (Chang Ssu-hsun); fl. 10th century

Biological / Botanical / Zoological

Chemical / Alchemical

Geological / Geographical

  • Li Shizhen (Li Shih-chen, Dongbi), 1518 - 1593; fl. Beijing
  • Shen Kuo, 1031 - 1095; b. Qiantang (Hangzhou)
  • Su Song, 1020 - 1101; b. near Quanzhou
  • Zhang Heng, 78 - 139; b. Xi'e (near modern Nanyang City)

Medical / Physiological / Anatomical

Physical / Mechanical

See also

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